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2008 Bios

Robert Axelrod (1969 Ph.D., Political Science). After earning his B.A. in Mathematics from the University of Chicago (1964) and Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale (1969), Robert Axelrod taught at the University of California, Berkeley (1968-74). He then joined the faculty of the University of Michigan, where he holds the Walgreen Professorship for the Study of Human Understanding. Axelrod is best known for his interdisciplinary work on the evolution of cooperation in social settings. His book, The Evolution of Cooperation, has been translated into a dozen languages and cited thousands of times in scholarly articles. Among his other publications are Harnessing Complexity: Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier (with Michael D. Cohen), The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models Competition and Collaboration, and Perspectives on Deterrence (ed.). His honors include a MacArthur Prize Fellowship and membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. He has served as president of the American Political Science Association and as a public policy analyst on issues related to international peace and the threat of nuclear war.

Stephen Emerson (1980 Ph.D., Cell Biology/Immunology; 1980 M.D.) is the current President of Haverford College, from which he graduated summa cum laude in 1974 with a double major in Philosophy and Chemistry. At Yale, he earned an M.S. in Molecular Biophysics, and in 1980, both a Ph.D. in Cell Biology and Immunology and an M.D. After graduation, he served on the faculties of University of Michigan and Harvard University before moving to the University of Pennsylvania. There, he held the Francis C. Wood Professorship in Medicine, Pathology and Pediatrics, and served as Chief of Hematology/Oncology. His research on stem cells, particularly their therapeutic applications, has had both a practical and theoretical impact on the field. As a clinical hematologist/oncologist specializing in the treatment of bone marrow stem cell disorders, he has been named one of Philadelphia's “Top Docs” year after year. He was associate director for Clinical/Translational Research of the Abramson Center and served as the Chief of Hematology/Oncology, building one of the nation's leading programs in the treatment of leukemia and lymphoma. He organized the interdisciplinary Institute for Stem Cell Biology at Penn. Dr. Emerson was inaugurated as the 13th president of Haverford College in 2007.

Yoriko Kawaguchi (1972 M.Phil., Economics) holds a B.A. in International Relations from the University of Tokyo (1965), and a Master of Philosophy degree in Economics from Yale (1972). From 1993-2000, Kawaguchi was managing director of Suntory Limited, and simultaneously served on several Japanese government advisory committees, including the Regulatory Reform Committee, the Central Council for Education, and the University Council. She was the minister of the environment of Japan from 2000 until 2002, and the foreign minister of Japan from February 2002 until September 2004. She has also served as Minister of State, Director-General of the Japanese Environment Agency, and Minister of the Environment. She currently represents the Kanagawa Prefecture in the House of Councillors of the Japanese Diet. In July 2008, Kawaguchi was appointed co-chair of a new International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, with former Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Gareth Evans. At Yale, Kawaguchi serves on the President's Council on International Activities, advising President Richard C. Levin and the other officers of the University.

David M. Kennedy (1968 Ph.D., American Studies). Pulitzer Prize-winning author David M. Kennedy received his A.B. in History from Stanford University before completing his M.A. (1964) and Ph.D. (1968) in American Studies at Yale. Kennedy's scholarship integrates economic and cultural analysis with social and political history. He was awarded the Pulitzer in 2000 for his book Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945, which also won the Parkman Prize, the Ambassador's Prize, and the California Gold Medal for Literature. His other books are Over Here: The First World War and American Society, which was a Pulitzer Prize finalist, and Birth Control in America: The Career of Margaret Sanger, which won the Bancroft Prize. Kennedy received the Distinguished Service Award from the Organization of American Historians in 2007 and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. A professor of history at Stanford, he is editor of the Oxford American History series.