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Required Examinations

Required examinations, as well as acceptable substitutions, are listed below. Please register for any required examination(s) as soon as possible since testing centers and available testing dates fill quickly. Official score reports must be submitted for all required examinations.

When registering for any standardized test, and when beginning an application for admission, we urge you to use your legal name as it appears on your passport.

Graduate Record Examination (GRE)

GRE is required for applicants to Ph.D. or Master's programs at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

GRE exceptions or substitutions are only allowed for the following programs:

  • Biological and Biomedical Sciences: GRE is required. MCAT accepted in lieu of GRE scores in special cases.
  • Investigative Medicine: GRE or MCAT accepted.
  • Law: LSAT required.
  • Management: GRE or GMAT accepted.
  • Public Health - M.S. in Chronic Disease Epidemiology or M.S. in Health Informatics (only): GRE or MCAT accepted.

In addition, some departments and programs may require GRE Subject Tests, including but not limited to:

  • Astronomy: GRE Subject Test in Physics
  • English: GRE Subject Test in Literature in English
  • Mathematics: GRE Subject Test in Mathematics
  • Physics: GRE Subject Test in Physics

Submitting Official GRE Scores

Official GRE scores must be sent to Yale University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, directly from ETS.

  • Use Institution Code 3987.
  • You do not need to enter an individual department code when sending your official scores. Institution Code 3987 is sufficient.
  • Paper score reports are not accepted.
  • Scores released to other schools at Yale University cannot be transferred to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
  • If you are applying to a Ph.D. program associated with one of the professional schools at Yale, send your official scores directly to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (Institution Code 3987) and not to the individual professional schools, which may have separate codes for applicants applying to other degree programs.
  • You should also self-report scores, and any future test dates, in your application.

The Educational Testing Service administers the GRE in the United States and abroad. For details and registration forms, visit their site at www.ets.org.

English Language Tests - Required for Non-Native English Speakers

TOEFL or IELTS is required of all applicants whose native language is not English.

Applicants who have received or will receive an undergraduate degree from a college or university where English is the primary language of instruction are exempt from the English Language Test requirement and are not required to submit the TOEFL or IELTS. Applicants must have studied in residence at the undergraduate institution for at least three years to qualify.

No exemptions are made on the basis of an advanced degree (e.g. M.A./M.S. or Ph.D.) from any institution.

TOEFL

Official TOEFL scores may be used to fulfill the English Language Test requirement.

  • Scores must be sent to Yale University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, directly from ETS.
  • Use Institution Code 3987.
  • You do not need to enter an individual department code when sending your official scores. Institution Code 3987 is sufficient.
  • Paper score reports are not acceptable and scores released to other schools at Yale University cannot be transferred to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
  • If you are applying to a Ph.D. program associated with one of the professional schools at Yale, send your official scores directly to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (Institution Code 3987) and not to the individual professional schools, which may have separate codes for applicants applying to other degree programs.

The Educational Testing Service administers the TOEFL in the United States and abroad. For details and registration forms, visit their site at www.ets.org.

IELTS Academic

Official IELTS Academic scores may be used to fulfil the English Language Test requirement.

  • We will only accept official scores submitted electronically by the IELTS test center via the E-Delivery service.
  • At the time of test-taking, please specify Yale University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (also known as the Office of Graduate Admissions) as a score recipient. Our address, for the record only, to identify us in the IELTS system, is Warner House, 1 Hillhouse Avenue, room 302, New Haven, CT 06511. Paper score reports are not to be sent to this address, however.
  • We do not accept paper Test Report Forms nor do we verify Test Report Forms (TRF's).
  • Only IELTS Academic test scores will be accepted. The IELTS General Training module is not accepted.

For more information and to register for the test, please visit www.ielts.org

General Management Admission Test (GMAT) - For Applicants to Management (Ph.D.)

The General Management Admission Test (GMAT) is acceptable in lieu of the GRE for applicants to Ph.D. program in Management.

  • To send official GMAT results, select Code 3TJ-30-78 for the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
  • Paper score reports are not acceptable and scores released to other schools of Yale University cannot be transferred or used.