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Standardized Test Questions

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Some Ph.D. and Master’s applicants are required to submit Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. GRE exceptions or substitutions are only allowed for the programs as listed on our Required Examinations page. No other exceptions or substitutions are permitted.

GRE exceptions or substitutions are only allowed for the programs as listed on our Required Examinations page. No other exceptions or substitutions are permitted.

The TOEFL or IELTS is required of all applicants whose native language is not English. 

  • Applicants who have received or will receive an undergraduate degree from a college or university where English is the primary language of instruction are exempt from the English Language Test requirement and are not required to submit the TOEFL or IELTS. Applicants must have studied in residence at the undergraduate institution for at least three years to qualify.
  • No exemptions are made on the basis of an advanced degree (e.g. M.A./M.S. or Ph.D.) from any institution.

If you are still not sure if you must submit TOEFL scores, please review this flowchart: Is English Language Testing Required for My Application? (start with the question “Is your native language English?”)

Yes. The IELTS Academic test may be substituted for the TOEFL for an applicant required to submit English language testing. 

Yale University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences only accepts scores submitted electronically by the IELTS test center via the IELTS E-Delivery service. 

  • We do not accept paper Test Report Forms nor do we verify Test Report Forms (TRF’s). 
  • You must contact your IELTS test center to have your official scores sent electronically to:
    1. Yale University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (also known as the Office of Graduate Admissions). 
    2. Our address, for the record only, to identify us in the IELTS system is Warner House, 1 Hillhouse Avenue, room 302, New Haven, CT 06511. Paper score reports are not to be sent to this address, however.

No. Applicants whose native language is not English must take either the TOEFL or IELTS. Applicants who have or will receive an undergraduate degree prior to matriculation at Yale, from a college or university where English is the primary language of instruction are exempt. Applicants must have studied in residence at the baccalaureate institution for at least three (3) years to qualify. 

No exemptions are made on the basis of an advanced degree (e.g. M.A./M.S. or Ph.D.) from any institution.

Please submit your official scores to us as soon as possible, perhaps even before starting or submitting your application. When we receive your scores, we will store them in our database and they will match with your application when you apply. 

Once your scores expire you will not be able submit official scores may have to re-take the examination.

If, at the time of application, your GRE scores will be more than 5 years old you will need to retake the GRE. Although GMAT scores are available for reporting for up to 10 years, they remain valid for only 5 years. Submitting invalid scores may reduce your chances of admissions.

Although the Graduate School does not have set test minimums for admission, individual departments and programs use test scores as a part of their holistic review of your application. Some departments or programs may have minimum score levels. If minimum score levels exist for your program, it will be reflected in the Programs and Policies entry for your program under Special Admissions Requirements or on the program’s website. See Programs and Departments for a website link to your program of interest. 

Although the Graduate School does not have set test minimums for admission, individual departments use these test scores as part of their holistic review of your application. Please check with the department to which you are applying to see if they have a minimum requirement. The Graduate School does require incoming doctoral students who received a score of 25 or below on the TOEFL Speaking section or a 7.5 or below on IELTS Speaking section to participate in a Summer English Language program at Yale in August prior to matriculation. These students are required to demonstrate English proficiency before they are permitted to teach.

We do not require the use of department or program codes when sending official score results, but if you have selected one anyways, please do not worry. You do not have to request another score report and it is likely you will see your scores marked as “Received” in your application status portal within 7-10 days of their receipt at Yale. 

If you have confirmation that official scores were received at Yale more than 7-10 days ago, please first verify that you indicated “Graduate” at the time of the test and had your scores sent to the correct code for the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, as follows: 

  • GRE/TOEFL: Institution Code 3987
  • GMAT: Code 3TJ-30-78
  • IELTS: Submitted electronically to Yale University - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (also known as the Office of Graduate Admissions)

Please first confirm that your scores were not sent to a different code or a different professional school at Yale. We are unable to transfer scores between different schools at Yale, so you must use the correct code. 

If you have confirmed that your scores were sent to the correct code more than 7-10 days ago, but your scores still have not been marked as received in your application status portal, please email us with the following information: 1) the name and email address you used to register for the test, 2) the name and email address used on your application, 3) a screenshot or other documentation from the test score service that your scores were sent to Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. 

Yes. When you fill out an application for admission, you must self-report your required test results in the Test Scores section of the application. However, you may also input any future test dates as well. If you have not taken a required test yet, inputting a future test date will allow you to submit the application. 

If you have not yet taken a test that is required, you should register for the test as soon as possible and enter your future test date on the application. Be sure that your official scores are sent to Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (see Required Examinations) and your scores will match with your application when they arrive. You should take any required testing as soon as possible to ensure ample time for your official scores to arrive, but you do not need to have test results in hand in order to submit your application.

Programs will be able to see all scores that you have self-reported in your application or sent officially.

Individual departments or program practices may differ in how GRE scores are evaluated, so it will be best to check with your program of interest for how scores are used in the evaluation process. 

When self-reporting (unofficial) scores within the online application, you should not mix scores from different test dates.

If your scores can no longer be released to us by the test score service, you may still self-report your old scores in your application. A department or program may review an application with self-reported scores, if they wish. 

However, an offer of admission from the Graduate School will be contingent upon receipt of official scores for any required examinations. As a result, if you self-report expired scores for which you will not be able to send official score reports, you may need to take those tests again before you will be allowed to matriculate. 

Yale has several graduate and professional schools, each with different institution codes, so it is important that you use the correct code when sending your official scores to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. Official scores cannot be transferred between different schools at Yale. 

  • GRE: Institution Code 3987
  • TOEFL: Institution Code 3987
  • IELTS: Yale University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (scores are only accepted through Electronic Score Download Service)
  • GMAT: 3TJ-30-78

It is sufficient to select an institution code when sending your official scores. You do not need to designate department or program codes and you may leave them blank. If you are required to enter a department or program code you may use the following codes:

  • GRE: “0000” (Undecided)
  • TOEFL: “99” (Undecided)

Yes. If you wish to send us “MyBest Scores”, we will accept them. All TOEFL scores we receive will be made available to the program reviewing your application. The program may decide how they wish to evaluate the scores provided.